Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Madonna and Child - Chartres

Madonna and Child (c. 1150). James R. Johnson. Stained Glass window, Chartres Cathedral. Image courtesy of TIME (24 December 1951).

Enthroned Virgin and Child as part of an Adoration of the Magi scene. Unusually, Mary is dressed in red instead of blue. Detail of the Life of Christ Window, the center lancet beneath the west rose. Dating from about 1150, it depicts the early life of Christ from the Annunciation to the Triumphal Entry.

Same as above. Color probably more realistic. Image courtesy of Sacred Destinations.

Saturday, April 11, 2009

Angelo Poliziano: "His disconsolate widow"

Kathleen McGowan pointed out this passage in a post to the Magdaleneline Forum. She noted that it "was an excerpt from a 'layman's sermon' that [Angelo] Poliziano delivered on Holy Thursday in 1486, in the presence of his best friend and patron, Lorenzo de Medici, for a religious organization both were members of, known as the Confraternity of the Magi."

She further mentioned that it appears in many sources including Dale Kent's book on Cosimo de Medici. I was unable to track down that source on the internet, but found the Poliziano passage in a work by Douglas Kries, Piety and Humanity, where he cites Weissman below.

I invite you to cry with Him in His bitter pain, . . . to become His disconsolate widow; [Emphasis added.] to see His grieving mother whose heart was pierced with a knife; to cry together with the stones, the sun, with heaven and earth, with all the elements, with the whole world over His incomparable torment. . . . Let us cry tenderly at the death of sweet Jesus. . . . Let us do penance, and with devout contrition let us humiliate ourselves before God.

SOURCE: Ronald Weissman, "Sacred Eloquence: Humanist Preaching and Lay Piety in Renaissance Florence," Christianity and the Renaissance (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990), p. 261.
Interestingly McGowan points out that no one questions the reference to "His disconsolate widow." Kries (1997: 36) is no exception. He discusses the "provocative" imagery of "His grieving mother whose heart was pierced with a knife," but ends up describing the passage as Poliziano urging his listeners to "engage in flagellation."

Wednesday, April 8, 2009

Tuesday, April 7, 2009

Sunday, April 5, 2009

Descent of Edward IV from Henry II

SOURCE: George Russell French, "Genealogical Tables: Table V," The Ancestry of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and of His Royal Highness Prince Albert (London: William Pickering, 1841), p. 356.

Saturday, April 4, 2009

Friday, April 3, 2009

Pedigree of Henry II

SOURCE: George Russell French, "Genealogical Tables: Tables II and III," The Ancestry of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and of His Royal Highness Prince Albert (London: William Pickering, 1841), p. 354.

Thursday, April 2, 2009

Pedigree of Egbert from Cerdic

SOURCE: George Russell French, "Genealogical Tables: Table I," The Ancestry of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and of His Royal Highness Prince Albert (London: William Pickering, 1841), p. 353.

Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Origins of the Stewarts

STEWART, STUART, or Steuart, the surname of a family which inherited the Scottish and ultimately the English crown.

Their descent is traced to a Breton immigrant, Alan the son of Flaald, which Flaald was a brother of Alan, steward (or seneschal) of Dol in Brittany. This elder Alan, whose name occurs in Breton documents before 1080, went on crusade in 1097, and was apparently succeeded by his brother Flaald, whose son, the younger Alan, enjoyed the favour of Henry I, who bestowed on him Mileham and its barony in Norfolk, where he founded Sporle Priory.

By the daughter of Ernulf de Hesdin (in Picardy), a Domesday baron, he was father of at least three sons: Jordan, who succeeded to the family office of steward of Dol; William, who inherited Mileham and other estates in England, and who founded the great baronial house of Fitz Alan (afterwards earls of Arundel); and Walter, who was made by David I, steward (dapifer) or seneschal of Scotland. The Scottish king conferred on Walter various lands in Renfrewshire, including Paisley, where he founded the abbey in 1163.

Walter, his grandson, third steward, was appointed by Alexander II. justiciary of Scotland, and, dying in 1246, left four sons and three daughters. The third son, Walter, obtained by marriage the earldom of Menteith, which ultimately came by marriage to Robert, duke of Albany, son of Robert II.

Alexander, fourth steward, the eldest son of Walter, third steward, inherited by his marriage with Jean, granddaughter of Somerled, the islands of Bute and Arran, and on the 2nd of October 1263 led the Scots against Haakon IV, king of Norway, at Largs. He had two sons, James and John.

The latter, who commanded the men of Bute at the battle of Falkirk in 1298, had seven sons: (1) Sir Alexander, whose grandson George became in 1389 earl of Angus, the title afterwards passing in the female line to the Douglases, and in 1761 to the duke of Hamilton; (2) Sir Alan of Dreghorn, ancestor of the earls and dukes of Lennox, from whcm Lord Darnley, husband of Queen Mary, and also Lady Arabella Stuart, were descended; (3) Sir Walter, who obtained the barony of Garlies, Wigtownshire, from his uncle John Randolph, earl of Moray, and was the ancestor of the earls of Galloway, younger branches of the family being the Stewarts of Tonderghie, Wigtownshire, and also those of Physgill and Glenturk in the same county; (4) Sir James, who fell at Dupplin in 1332, ancestor of the lords of Lorn, on whose descendants were conferred at different periods the earldoms of Athole, Buchan and Traquair, and who were also the progenitors of the Stewarts of Appin, Argyllshire, and of Grandtully, Perthshire; (5) Sir John, killed at Halidon Hill in 1333; (6) Sir Hugh, who fought under Edward Bruce in Ireland; and (7) Sir Robert of Daldowie, ancestor of the Stewarts of Allanton and of Coltness.

James Stewart, the elder son of Alexander, fourth steward, succeeded his father in 1283, and, after distinguishing himself in the wars of Wallace and of Bruce, died in 1309.

His son Walter, sixth steward, who had joint command with Sir James Douglas of the left wing at the battle of Bannockburn, married Marjory, daughter of Robert the Bruce, and during the latter's absence in Ireland was entrusted with the government of the kingdom. He died in 1326, leaving an only son, who as Robert II. ascended the throne of Scotland in 1371.

SOURCE: "Stuart Stewart," Encyclopedia Britannica (1911) Vol. 25, p. 912. References for the article itself include: Sir George Mackenzie, Defence of the Royal Line of Scotland (1685), and Antiquity of the Royal Line of Scotland (1686); Crawfurd, Genealogical History of the Royal and Illustrious Family of the Stuarts (1710); Duncan Stewart, Genealogical Account of the Surname of Stewart (1739); Andrew Stuart, Genealogical History of the Stuarts (1798); Stodart, House of Stuart (privately printed, 1855); An Abstract of the Evidence to Prove that Sir William Stewart of Jedworth, the Paternal Ancestor of the Present Earl of Galloway, was the Second Son of Sir Alexander Stewart of Darnley (1801); Riddell, Stewartiana (1843); W. Townend, Descendants of the Stuarts (1858); R. W. Eyton, History of Shropshire (1858), vol. vii.; Bailey, The Succession to the English Crown (1879); Skelton, The Royal House of Stuart (1890); J. H. Round, Studies in Peerage and Family History (1901); and S. Cowan, The Royal House of Stuart (1908). The best chart pedigree of the house is that which was prepared for the Stuart Exhibition by W. A. Lindsay.