Thursday, May 28, 2009

The Holy Grail & The Grail-Kings

David Hughes' list of Grail Kings is interesting. He admitted in an email to me that he does not consider the list to be historical. Hughes has done a lot of genealogical research, but unfortunately in my opinion at least, he also admits he has little patience for footnotes.

01. Joshua (Jesus), first Grail-King, circa AD 100; 43rd generation in male-line descent from King David of Israel; died unwed without issue.

02/(43B) Alain "Li Gros" ["The Large"], 2nd Grail-King, his younger brother = [his cousin] Elis, daughter of Bran "The Fisher-King" & Enygeus, Joseph of Arimathea’s daughter.

03/(44A) Josue, Grail-King, had a bro, (44B) Isaiah.

04/(45) Alphanye, Grail-King.

05/(46) Aminadab, Grail-King.

06/(47) Catheloys (Carcelois), Grail-King; founded the religious-order of the "Castellors", which was later suppressed by the Catholic Church; built Corbenic Castle to house The Holy Grail & as the home of the Grail-Kings & the religious order.

[Note: The name "Corbenic", is derived from "cors benoit" [= "blessed body"], whence the town of "Corbeni" in Picardy, France, got its name]. The order of the Grail-Kings was removed to Britain in the early 500s, and left "Corbenic Castle" empty, which was later razed by Charlemagne, circa 800].

07/(48) Emanuel, Grail-King, son, the father of:

08/(49) Titurel, Grail-King; founded military-order of the Grail-Knights, circa AD250; the father of:

09/(50) Enfertez [a.k.a. Anfortas I] (275), Grail-King, the father of:

10/(51) Frimutel, Grail-King (300), the father of:

11/(52) Mazadan [Ahura Mazda], Grail-King (325) = Terdelaschoye.

12/(53) Laziliez, Grail-King (350), the father of:

13/(54) Zamphir (Zamfir; Zambor) (Zamvirz), Grail-King (375).

Issue of (54) Zamphir (above), was:

(55A) Lambor, Grail-King (400).
(55B) Galegant (Garlon; Galant), father of (56A) Tampenteire [father of (57) Kardeiz [I], father of (58) Condure (dau), [3rd] wife of Parzival (below)], (56B) Gurnemanz [father of (57) Gurzgar, father of (58) Gandiluz], & (56C) Manpfilkjot [who, by wife, Schoysiane, begot (57A) Trevrizent "The Hermit" & (57B) Sigune (dau), wife of ... ]
(55C) Addanz (below)

14/(55) Lambor, Grail-King

Issue of (55A) Lambor (above) was:

(56A) Pellam [Pellehen], Grail-King

(56B) Yglais (Eglise) (dau), [3rd] wife of Amlawd "Wledic", King of Britain, the father of (57) Ygerne, mother of (58) King Arthur of Britain]

15/(56) Pellam, Grail-King

issue of (56A) Pellam (above) was:

(57) Pelles of Corbenic Castle

16/(57) Pelles of Corbenic Castle, Grail-King

issue of (57) Pelles (above) was:

(58A) Amfortas [II] "Grail-King"

(58B) Herzeloyde (dau), [2nd] wife of Gahmuret, &, the mother of Parzival (below)

(58C) Elaischoye [note: the post-Vulgate changed her name to "Elayne"], wife of Lancelot, mother of [Sir] Galahad, a knight, later, "Keeper of The Grail", who died celibate

17/(58) Amfortas [II] "Grail-King", the last of the main-line = Orgeluse and had issue:

(59) Elayne (dau), who died unwed and childless.


issue of (55C) Addanz (above) was:

(56) Gaudin, who, by wife, Schoette, begot three sons,


(57A) Gaheviez, the father of (58) Ither "The Red-Knight"

(57B) Galoes, who, by wife, Flurdamur, begot two or more sons, including (58a) Antikonie & (58b) Vergulaht, as well as several daughters, including (58c) Rischoyde [wife of Kaylet], (58d) Repanse de Schoye [wife of Feirefiz]; & (58e) Riautrise [wife of Guerin]

(57C) Gahmuret

18/(57) Gahmuret, Grail-King; was contemporary with his cousin Amfortas II (above), the last of the main-line, and appears as the next male-line heir

=1 Achefleur
=2 Belakane, Queen of Zazamanc [Africa]
=3 Herzeloyde (above)

issue of (58C) Gahmuret (above) by 1st wife was:

(58A) Aglovale
(58B) Lamorat (Lamerocke)(Lischoise)
(58C) Schenote

issue of (58C) Gahmuret (above) by 2nd wife was:

(58D) Feirefiz; = Repanse de Schoye [Repense de Joie], & begot of (60) John "The Prester"

issue of (58C) Gahmuret (above) by 3rd wife was:

(58E) Parzival (Perceval) (Parsifal) (525), posthumous son, is made the story’s hero in the medieval romance "Li Conte del Graal" (1190), by Chretien de Troyes. Parzival is identified with Sir Percy in Medieval Arthurian Romance. Wolfram von Eschenbach says that he wrote "Parzival" (1220) to correct the version Chretien de Troyes gives. The "son" of Parzival is said to have been Lohengrin, but "descendant" is what is meant here, for Lohengrin has been identified with Warin of Lorraine (1025), who lived 500 years after Parzival’s time. The name "Lohengrin" [="Loherenc Garin"] is a corruption in medieval romance of the name "Warin of Lorraine".

19/(57) Kardeiz [I], Grail-King

20/(58A) Aglovale, Grail-King

21/(58B) Lamorat (Lamerocke)(Lischoise), Grail-King

22/(58C) Schenote, Grail-King

23/(58E) Parzival, Grail-King

=1 Lafamur
=2 Sangive
=3 Condure

issue of (58E) Parzival (above) by 1st wife was:

(59A) Oriantix (Oriante), who, by wife, Elouse, was the father of triplets

issue of (58E) Parzival (above) by 2nd wife was:

(59B) Houdourans

Issue of (58E) Parzival (above) by 3rd wife was:

(59C) Kardeiz [II]

24/(59A) Oriantix (Oriante), Grail-King

25/(59B) Houdourans, Grail-King, who, by wife, Matabrunne, begot sons & daus

26/(59C) Kardeiz [II] had issue:

(60) Charlot, 60th in male-line descent from Israel's King David.

Issue of (60) Charlot (above) was:

There are 16 generations missing in the pedigree here.

(77) Otto "of Lillefort", 77th in male-line descent from Israel's King David, the father of:

(78) Warin of Lorraine [a.k.a. "Loherenc Garin", whose name was corrupted in medieval romantic literature into "Lohengrin"], one of "The Conqueror's Companions" (1066) (died c. 1071).

[Note: His parentage is confused in medieval writings. Warin of Lorraine was the son [or grandson] of one of three contemporary counts or dukes who each had the name "Otto", who were: (1) Otto "of Lillefort", the "descendant" [not "son"], of Parzival, who descended through a 1000-year-old-line of "Grail-Kings" from Joseph of Arimathea, the uncle of "The Virgin" Mary, and, a scion of Israel's Davidic Dynasty; or, (2) the posthumous son of Otto, Duke of Lorraine (d1012), the son of Charles of Lorraine (d994), the Carolingian heir, which would make him descended in the male-line from Charlemagne; or, (3) the grandson of [another] Otto, Count of Chiny [Warcq], whose male-line ancestors were [also] descendants of Charlemagne. The fact that his son, Helyas "The Swan-Knight", had the Holy Grail in his possession would indicate that the father of Warin of Lorraine was Otto "of Lillefort", a descendant of the Grail-Kings.]

Warin of Lorraine, by wife, Biautris, begot:

(79) Helyas, "The Swan-Knight", epic-hero of the First Crusade (1096-99), the 40th and last Grail-King, who, upon entering Jerusalem [accompanying his son, Geoffrey of Bouillon, the Crusade's leader] following the First Crusade (1096-99) returned The Holy Grail to The Church of The Holy Sepulchre and placed it himself on the high-altar (1099).

Helyas "The Swan-Knight" married thrice, and, by each wife had a son: his eldest son inherited the French fiefdom of Bouillon from his mother; his second son married the heiress of Oldenburg [Oldcastle] and inherited the Dutch county through her; and, his third son inherited the German fiefdom of Kleve (Cleves) from his mother, hence, founding three great families.

The legend of Helyas "The Swan-Knight" takes place during the last half of the eleventh century. He arrives on the scene when the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (1056-1106) held court at Neumagen to decide a claim by the Count of Frankfort for the duchy of Bouillon, then held by Ida of Louvain, the widow of the Duke of Bouillon, its duchess. The matter was decided by hand-to-hand combat between the Count of Frankfort and Helyas of Lorraine, who championed the duchess, who legend says sailed up the Meuse on a boat drawn by a swan by means of a silver chain, whence his epithet. He won the battle, married her, and became the Duke of Bouillon in right of his wife, by whom he begot Geoffrey of Bouillon, Leader of the First Crusade 1096-99; Protector of The Holy Sepulchre 1099-1100.

The legend was embellished by medieval romance that says before their marriage Helyas warned the duchess that if she ever asked his identity he would have to leave her. As the story goes she later tempted disregarding her husband’s warning asked him his identity. [The wife's desire to know her husband's "true self" appears here to parallel the myth of Cupid and Psyche.] He rebuked her sorrowfully, and, instantly the boat drawn by the swan re-appeared on the river next to where they were, Helyas stepped into the boat, and the swan swam off with him in the boat out of sight of his sorrowing wife.

That is medieval romance, but the fact is Helyas divorced Ida of Louvain, soon after the birth of their son, Geoffrey, and she married thirdly Eustace II, Count of Boulogne. Helyas, meanwhile, had come to the aid of Elsa of Brabant, divorced wife of Regnier, Count of Hainault, against a suitor, Frederic de Telramund, who claimed she had promised to marry him. Instead, Elsa of Brabant married Helyas of Lorraine. It was his second marriage, as well as hers. The marriage produced a son, Elimar [Egilmar], who married Rixa [Rikissa], the heiress of Oldenburg, and became the Count of Oldenburg ["Oldcastle"] in "right of his wife". Helyas divorced Elsa of Brabant soon after the birth of their son, Elimar, and, she married thirdly Hajo, Count of Uprustringen. Helyas, meanwhile, married thirdly Beatrix of Cleves [identified with Belayne of Lizaborye in medieval romance], daughter of Rutger II, Count of Cleves, and, widow of the Count of Lizaborye. The marriage produced a son, Dietrich [II]. Soon after, Helyas divorced Beatrix of Cleves, who married thirdly Dietrich I, Count of Cleves.

Hence, Helyas “The Swan-Knight”, the last in the long-line of “Grail-Kings”, was the ancestor of three great noble European houses, those of Oldenburg [Oldcastle], Bouillon, and Cleves. Legend says that Helyas was murdered by armed men sent by his ex-wife [not by her parents as one romance says, who had already dead by that time], circa 1100. The three sons of Helyas, all born out of wedlock & were reared by their mothers, who were:

(80A) Geoffrey of Bouillon, Leader of the First Crusade 1096-99, &, "Protector of The Holy Sepulchre" 1099, called "First" Grand-Master of the Knights-Templars, whose mother, Ida of Louvain, widow of the Duke of Bouillon, married 3rdly Eustace II, Count of Boulogne.

(80B) Egilmar I, Count of Oldenburg [Oldcastle], 1091, [by virtue of his marriage to Rixa, the heiress of Oldenburg] (d1108), whose mother, Elsa of Brabant, divorced wife of Regnier, Count of Hainault, married 3rdly Hajo, Count of Uprustringen.

[Note: Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince-Consort of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II, is a male-line descendant of Helyas "The Swan-Knight" through the Counts of Oldcastle (Oldenburg), though his official genealogy is traced through the royal house of Greece, which may trace its descent from ancient Greek kings.]

(80C) Dietrich II, Count of Cleves 1085/92 (d1114/19?), whose mother, Beatrix (Belayne) of Cleves, daughter of Rutger II, Count of Cleves, widow of the Count of Lizaborye, married 3rdly Dietrich I, Count of Cleves (d1056)

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